A Cross-Industry Examination of Convener Roles in Industry-Specific Collaborative Standardization Efforts

Document Type


Publication/Presentation Date



Northeast Business and Economics Association Annual Conference. State College, Pennsylvania. 2009


Description: "Research shows vendors are able to manipulate open standards for physical networking products such as routers and switches to introduce positive switching costs. This article explores the possibility of manipulating vertical standards, pure abstract compatibility standards generally implemented using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), and not physical products like routers and switches. Vertical standards formalize and codify business processes and data formats unique to specific industries. Manipulating vertical standards does not optimize or enhance proprietary hardware capabilities accompanying the standard, and any manipulation is easily detected and quite correctable, so it is unclear whether positive switching costs can be introduced by any vendor. This paper describes why vertical standards are not immune to manipulation, and explores circumstances which may make the manipulation of purely abstract compatibility standards possible. A series of testable propositions are presented, and some quantitative evidence that may signal the introduction of positive switching costs is discussed."

This document is currently not available here.