Professional Guilds and Knowledge Management

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Description: "Scientific research is a crucial success factor for knowledge intensive firms and is often a joint effort of scientists and managers. However, scientists and managers belong to different 'professional guilds,' subscribing to different belief systems and recognizing different measures of excellence. Tension between R&D managers and scientists depends on the firm's knowledge management policies. These policies depend on industry factors like the level of knowledge appropriability, the extent of competition and the level of munificence, as well as the knowledge networks within which the firm operates. Boundary-spanners play a pivotal role in determining whether tension leads to positive or negative outcomes."

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